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This year, the International Development Conference will highlight the theoretical development studies and policy research that play a predominant role in shaping development projects. When concrete, tangible policies and projects are implemented, theory and practice often fail to coincide. Development solutions and initiatives, as well as daily livelihood decisions, executed by an array of actors - from large development players to individual households - affect the lives of citizens and underdeveloped areas throughout the world. As such, critical reflections on ongoing development efforts, common consumption decisions and ingrained aspects of the world economy highlight that, while considerable victories have been attained to achieve a more just, prosperous and equitable world, attempts at reforms and aids are not without their drawbacks. 

The controversy surrounding the involvement of religious aid organizations may politicize and undermine efforts to eliminate poverty and obtain relief. Attempts to regulate small scale gold mining, while environmentally necessary, may fail to address the dilemma of gold demand in shaping the persistence of artisans gold mining. Efforts to democratize and increase the transparency of the international trade regime may succeed in incorporating sustainability as a core principal of global commerce, but tedious institutional reform may not reflect the urgency of climate change. Alongside the IDC 2017’s thematic discussions, which will explore these and more concrete development efforts through a critical lens, the conference will also host a selection of Canadian NGOs, businesses, and student researchers to showcase the diversity and innovation of new ideas and efforts shaping the development sectors today. 

 

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Thematic Discussion [clear filter]
Saturday, February 11
 

10:15

Buying Justice: Exploring Fair Trade and the Meaning Behind the Mark
As one brand or another, we have all seen Fair Trade at some point in our lives. Whether it marks our favourite coffee, artisanal handicrafts at retail outlets, or fresh produce at our super markets, Fair Trade is readily available for our purchase. However, the actual meaning of the Fair Trade logo may be as diverse as the products it labels. Fair Trade producer cooperatives, institutions, businesses, and consumers each have unique frameworks of understanding, applying, and maintaining the integrity of the Fair Trade mark. For us as consumers of these products, it is worth our time to explore the diversity of meaning behind the Fair Trade mark and different ways of interpreting and incorporating fair practices into business. So, in honour of UTSC being certified as  Canada’s 15th Fair Trade Campus by Fair Trade Canada, the IDC 2017 will set out to explore the complexities of ‘fairness’ and Fair Trade. Together, with a host of Toronto businesses, academics, and Canadian Fair Trade representatives we will explore the diversity of meanings behind Fair Trade, the applicability of it as a business model in Toronto, and what ‘fair’ means to us as everyday consumers.

Speakers
avatar for JOSE ABAD-PUELLES

JOSE ABAD-PUELLES

Jose Abad-Puelles was formerly the Category and Supply Chain Specialist for Coffee at Fairtrade Canada and now presently serves as the Coffee Account Manager for Canada. Jose was raised in a small farm in Northern Peru; there, he experienced all the challenges and struggles that small... Read More →
NH

NADIA HARDUAR

Nadia Harduar is the Sustainability Project Coordinator at the University of Toronto Scarborough with a Master of Environmental Science Degree. She is the Chair of the Sustainability Food User Sub Committee and worked alongside the Business Development Office and SCSU over the last... Read More →
avatar for DR. DARRYL REED

DR. DARRYL REED

Darryl Reed is Associate Professor in the Division of Social Science at York University and teaches in the Business & Society Program. He has a PhD in political economy and public policy (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, ’95) and a PhD in social ethics (University... Read More →
avatar for DEREK ZAVISLAKE

DEREK ZAVISLAKE

Derek Zavislake, co-founder of Merchants of Green Coffee with his brother Brad, is obsessed with delivering the freshest cup of coffee possible. The 20-year-old Toronto company imports and markets premium unroasted coffee beans from farmers around the world for consumers and some... Read More →



Saturday February 11, 2017 10:15 - 12:15
MW 120

10:15

Saviour Complex: Navigating Religion's Messy History and Current Role in Development
Religious institutions have a messy and complicated history in development. Today, many development practitioners and institutions continue to be based in religion - but not without tension.  Churches, mosques and other religious institutions are often the best positioned to know a community’s needs and respond accordingly. Local religious groups have the respect and recognition in the community that other development organizations spend years and even decades trying to achieve. Yet religious development organizations can also find themselves in a difficult tension between development and religion when the two seem to be in opposition, causing many to throw religion out of development practice indefinitely. Where does religion sit within the field of development? When does it act as a barrier, when is it the only open door to lifting people out of poverty, and how do development practitioners navigate between the two?

Speakers
JF

JESSICA FERNE

Director of Programs, International Development and Relief Foundation
DK

DR.DAVID KUPP

Program Coordinator, Master of Theological Studies in Development | Professor, Wycliffe CollegeDavid has been teaching courses at Wycliffe College since 2009, and is Director of the Urban and International Development program. He is also senior partner at Kabisa International and... Read More →
DM

DR.KATHERINE MARSHALL

Katherine Marshall is a senior fellow at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs, where she leads the Center's program on Religion and Global Development, and Professor of the Practice of Development, Conflict, and Religion at Georgetown University. After a long... Read More →
JC

JOSE CARLOS PREM

Country Director, Compassion Guatemala



Saturday February 11, 2017 10:15 - 12:15
MW 140

10:15

The Fist and the Gavel: Legal and Political Routes for the Advancement of Human Rights
Since the Second World War, international human rights have been codified into treaties that are nearly universally ratified. Regional courts and other international institutions have emerged to interpret and attempt to enforce these treaties. Despite these structures and laws, widely recognized civil and political human rights continue to be violated throughout the world, and social, cultural and economic rights remain unenforced. As an alternative, political mobilization has taken precedence as the tool to defend and enhance fundamental rights throughout the world, calling into question the efficacy of the human rights regime as an avenue for development. In The Fist and Gavel, the IDC 2017 will compare and contrast political mobilization and legal tactics as means to development with a focus on how local students may engage in these levels to defend the human right to development abroad.

Moderators
Speakers
FD

FANTA DIABY

Fanta was born in Guinea but raised a little bit everywhere. Before moving to Canada, she had visited a number of African countries and lived a little bit of a transient childhood living in Guinea, Rwanda, Tanzania and Ghana. As a result, Fanta gained an interest in conflict and development... Read More →
PT

PHILIPPE TREMBLAY

Philippe Tremblay is a Senior Legal Advisor at Lawyers without Borders Canada (LWBC). Prior to holding this position, he served LWBC first as Colombia Program Officer and then Legal Director. Before joining LWBC, Philippe Tremblay worked for the Geneva-based Association for the Prevention... Read More →
CW

CORY WANLESS

Cory Wanless is a lawyer at Klippensteins Barristers and Solicitors in Toronto. Cory represents clients nationally and internationally in the areas of corporate accountability, First Nations rights, environmental law, defamation and affordable housing.Along with Murray Klippenstein... Read More →
SW

SARAH WEINBERGER

Sarah is a JD candidate at Osgoode Hall Law School, a senior editor of the Journal of Law and Social Policy, and a researcher with the Justice and Corporate Accountability Project (JCAP). She holds a BA in Indigenous Studies & Hispanic Studies from Trent University, and has studied... Read More →



Saturday February 11, 2017 10:15 - 12:15
MW 160

15:45

Buying Justice: Exploring Fair Trade and the Meaning Behind the Mark

As one brand or another, we have all seen Fair Trade at some point in our lives. Whether it marks our favourite coffee, artisanal handicrafts at retail outlets, or fresh produce at our super markets, Fair Trade is readily available for our purchase. However, the actual meaning of the Fair Trade logo may be as diverse as the products it labels. Fair Trade producer cooperatives, institutions, businesses, and consumers each have unique frameworks of understanding, applying, and maintaining the integrity of the Fair Trade mark. For us as consumers of these products, it is worth our time to explore the diversity of meaning behind the Fair Trade mark and different ways of interpreting and incorporating fair practices into business. So, in honour of UTSC being certified as  Canada’s 15th Fair Trade Campus by Fair Trade Canada, the IDC 2017 will set out to explore the complexities of ‘fairness’ and Fair Trade. Together, with a host of Toronto businesses, academics, and Canadian Fair Trade representatives we will explore the diversity of meanings behind Fair Trade, the applicability of it as a business model in Toronto, and what ‘fair’ means to us as everyday consumers.



Speakers
avatar for JOSE ABAD-PUELLES

JOSE ABAD-PUELLES

Jose Abad-Puelles was formerly the Category and Supply Chain Specialist for Coffee at Fairtrade Canada and now presently serves as the Coffee Account Manager for Canada. Jose was raised in a small farm in Northern Peru; there, he experienced all the challenges and struggles that small... Read More →
NH

NADIA HARDUAR

Nadia Harduar is the Sustainability Project Coordinator at the University of Toronto Scarborough with a Master of Environmental Science Degree. She is the Chair of the Sustainability Food User Sub Committee and worked alongside the Business Development Office and SCSU over the last... Read More →
DR

DR.DARRYL REED

Dr. Reed is Associate Professor of Business and Society Program for York University, and held teaching positions at several other universities. Dr. Reed has a wide range of research interests in the field of Business and Society, including corporate governance, community economic... Read More →
avatar for DEREK ZAVISLAKE

DEREK ZAVISLAKE

Derek Zavislake, co-founder of Merchants of Green Coffee with his brother Brad, is obsessed with delivering the freshest cup of coffee possible. The 20-year-old Toronto company imports and markets premium unroasted coffee beans from farmers around the world for consumers and some... Read More →



Saturday February 11, 2017 15:45 - 17:45
MW 120

15:45

Saviour Complex: Navigating Religion's Messy History and Current Role in Development
Religious institutions have a messy and complicated history in development. Today, many development practitioners and institutions continue to be based in religion - but not without tension.  Churches, mosques and other religious institutions are often the best positioned to know a community’s needs and respond accordingly. Local religious groups have the respect and recognition in the community that other development organizations spend years and even decades trying to achieve. Yet religious development organizations can also find themselves in a difficult tension between development and religion when the two seem to be in opposition, causing many to throw religion out of development practice indefinitely. Where does religion sit within the field of development? When does it act as a barrier, when is it the only open door to lifting people out of poverty, and how do development practitioners navigate between the two?

Moderators
PK

PAUL KINGSTON

Director, Centre for Critical Development Studies | Associate Professor, University of TorontoPaul Kingston is interested in the politics and power that underpin the dynamics of development and/or underdevelopment. He approaches this from the discipline of political science but with... Read More →

Speakers
JF

JESSICA FERNE

Director of Programs, International Development and Relief Foundation
DK

DR.DAVID KUPP

Program Coordinator, Master of Theological Studies in Development | Professor, Wycliffe CollegeDavid has been teaching courses at Wycliffe College since 2009, and is Director of the Urban and International Development program. He is also senior partner at Kabisa International and... Read More →
DM

DR.KATHERINE MARSHALL

Katherine Marshall is a senior fellow at the Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs, where she leads the Center's program on Religion and Global Development, and Professor of the Practice of Development, Conflict, and Religion at Georgetown University. After a long... Read More →
JC

JOSE CARLOS PREM

Country Director, Compassion Guatemala



Saturday February 11, 2017 15:45 - 17:45
MW 140

15:45

The Fist and the Gavel: Legal and Political Routes for the Advancement of Human Rights
Since the Second World War, international human rights have been codified into treaties that are nearly universally ratified. Regional courts and other international institutions have emerged to interpret and attempt to enforce these treaties. Despite these structures and laws, widely recognized civil and political human rights continue to be violated throughout the world, and social, cultural and economic rights remain unenforced. As an alternative, political mobilization has taken precedence as the tool to defend and enhance fundamental rights throughout the world, calling into question the efficacy of the human rights regime as an avenue for development. In The Fist and Gavel, the IDC 2017 will compare and contrast political mobilization and legal tactics as means to development with a focus on how local students may engage in these levels to defend the human right to development abroad.

Speakers
FD

FANTA DIABY

Fanta was born in Guinea but raised a little bit everywhere. Before moving to Canada, she had visited a number of African countries and lived a little bit of a transient childhood living in Guinea, Rwanda, Tanzania and Ghana. As a result, Fanta gained an interest in conflict and development... Read More →
PT

PHILIPPE TREMBLAY

Philippe Tremblay is a Senior Legal Advisor at Lawyers without Borders Canada (LWBC). Prior to holding this position, he served LWBC first as Colombia Program Officer and then Legal Director. Before joining LWBC, Philippe Tremblay worked for the Geneva-based Association for the Prevention... Read More →
CW

CORY WANLESS

Cory Wanless is a lawyer at Klippensteins Barristers and Solicitors in Toronto. Cory represents clients nationally and internationally in the areas of corporate accountability, First Nations rights, environmental law, defamation and affordable housing.Along with Murray Klippenstein... Read More →



Saturday February 11, 2017 15:45 - 17:45
MW 160
 
Sunday, February 12
 

09:30

All that Glitters: Gold Mining, Mercury Pollution, and ASGM Communities

No other metal that has captured the attention of man more than gold. Throughout history gold has served as currency benchmarks, circuits in modern electronics, and symbols of enduring love. However, artisanal gold mining (AGM) represents a stark and present reminder of the cost for this precious metal. AGM actives heavily rely on the use of mercury, a potent neurotoxin, for gold extraction. International institutions, non-governmental organizations, and academic institutions have stepped up to provide national and international organization, technical intervention, and scientific research into the ASGM sector. In spite of this, the impact of mercury exposure on the estimated 12-15 million artisanal gold miners and the full scope of global mercury pollution are still not fully understood. Together with a panel of artisanal gold mining experts, environmental and social NGO’s, and environmental health scientists, the IDC 2017 will discuss the current state of artisanal gold mining, the scope and impact of mercury pollution, and the effectiveness of technical and legal interventions in reforming artisanal gold mining practices.

 


Moderators
JM

JIM MACLELLEN

For the past fifteen years, Jim has focused his attention on the identification and facilitation of sustainable human and environmental future. He has a broad background in ecology, sociology and economics, as well as a proficiency in computational procedures relating to, optimization... Read More →

Speakers
DB

DR.BRIDGET BERGQUIST

The primary aim of her research program is to increase our understanding of the biogeochemical cycles that are important for life on Earth and how these cycles have evolved over time through the use of trace metal and stable isotope geochemistry. Besides the inherent importance of... Read More →
JC

JACK CARAVANOS

Jack Caravanos currently serves as both the Director of Research for Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute and as an Associate Professor of Environmental Public Health at Hunter College. Carrying only a few hand-held machines in his backpack, he travels to remote areas of Zambia, Indonesia... Read More →
AL

ANGELA LI-MULLER

Adjunct Professor with the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of TorontoDr. Angela Li-Muller specializes in environmental health and regulatory toxicology, evaluating the impact on human health from exposures to chemicals from air, water, or soil. Over the years... Read More →
PR

PETER ROSENBLUTH, MSC.

Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto | Senior Fellow, Global Cities InstitutePeter is a results based management specialist as well as an environment and development specialist with over a decade of experience working for non-profit organizations in Canada and Southeast Asia... Read More →



Sunday February 12, 2017 09:30 - 11:30
MW 160

09:30

Crowding In: Responding to Poverty in Urban Slums around the World
The unprecedented rise of global urban poverty is a pressing issue facing development scholars and practitioners alike. The deplorable conditions in crowded slums are a unique context for development practitioners, policy makers, and urban planners, with new and particular challenges to overcome. How does the urban slum context complicate or simplify development programs’ attempts to achieve development outcomes, especially as outlined in Sustainable Development Goal #11? What needs to be done to mitigate the overwhelming problems of inadequate shelter and poor sanitation in urban slums? Most importantly, how can cities in the Global South continue to develop in ways that protect its most vulnerable citizens from the conditions in urban slums that seem to only mount their poverty? These are pressing questions whose answers have far-reaching implications into the lives of billions of city dwellers worldwide.

Moderators
RR

RAJ REDDY

Professor, Department of Human Geography, University of Toronto

Speakers
DC

DR.GUO CHEN

Guo is an Associate Professor of Geography and Global Urban Studies at MSU. She is a recipient of the MSU-ISS Teaching Award in 2010. She has published over thirty articles, book chapters, and an edited book. Guo’s research activities focus on the dynamics, spatial manifestations... Read More →
AK

ACHILLES KALLERGIS

Achilles Kallergis is a Research Scholar in the NYU Urban Expansion program. He is also a doctoral candidate in Public and Urban Policy and teaches at the Graduate Program for International Affairs at the New School University. His research interests include urbanization in the developing... Read More →
DS

DR.RICHARD STREN

Richard Stren is Emeritus Professor of Political Science, and Senior Fellow at the Global Cities Institute. His major area of interest is comparative urban policy with a special interest in developing countries. Professor Stren is a member of the editorial advisory board of five international... Read More →



Sunday February 12, 2017 09:30 - 11:30
MW 140

09:30

Legalizing Sustainable Business: Trade and the Environment

The international movement of goods and commercial activity is governed by a rich body of private and public international law. With a focus on reducing barriers to commerce, this body of laws has largely overlooked the effects of increasing international commerce on the environment. Increasingly, international development treaties have been centered around the principle of sustainability, the ability to develop without reducing the ability of future generations to do so as well. As action to mitigate climate change increases in urgency and necessity, reforms to the governance of international trade and commerce are required in order to implement the necessary policies to mitigate climate change. In Legalizing Sustainable Business, the IDC 2017 will gage the principle of sustainability in the governance of international trade, and potential improvements to the governance of international commerce that could further integrate environmental protection in international commerce.



Moderators
Speakers
avatar for FREEDOM KAI-PHILLIPS

FREEDOM KAI-PHILLIPS

BSc honors (E. Michigan), MA (Seton Hall), LLB (Dalhousie), LLM (Ottawa), is a Research Associate with the International Law Research Program (ILRP) at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), a Legal Research Fellow with the Centre for International Sustainable... Read More →
avatar for SARA SECK

SARA SECK

Sara L Seck is an Associate professor at the Faculty of Law, Western University, in London, Ontario, and a Senior Fellow with the International Law Research Program of the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo, Ontario. Together with Neil Craik, she co-directs... Read More →
avatar for CONNER TIDD

CONNER TIDD

Mr. Connor Tidd, M.Sc candidate (University of Toronto), BA (McGill), is a current graduate student with the University of Toronto’s Institute for Management and Innovation in the Masters of Sustainability Management program and the Senior Strategy and Innovation Officer for the... Read More →



Sunday February 12, 2017 09:30 - 11:30
MW 120

13:30

All that Glitters: Gold Mining, Mercury Pollution, and ASGM Communities
No other metal that has captured the attention of man more than gold. Throughout history gold has served as currency benchmarks, circuits in modern electronics, and symbols of enduring love. However, artisanal gold mining (AGM) represents a stark and present reminder of the cost for this precious metal. AGM actives heavily rely on the use of mercury, a potent neurotoxin, for gold extraction. International institutions, non-governmental organizations, and academic institutions have stepped up to provide national and international organization, technical intervention, and scientific research into the ASGM sector. In spite of this, the impact of mercury exposure on the estimated 12-15 million artisanal gold miners and the full scope of global mercury pollution are still not fully understood. Together with a panel of artisanal gold mining experts, environmental and social NGO’s, and environmental health scientists, the IDC 2017 will discuss the current state of artisanal gold mining, the scope and impact of mercury pollution, and the effectiveness of technical and legal interventions in reforming artisanal gold mining practices.

Moderators
JM

JIM MACLELLEN

For the past fifteen years, Jim has focused his attention on the identification and facilitation of sustainable human and environmental future. He has a broad background in ecology, sociology and economics, as well as a proficiency in computational procedures relating to, optimization... Read More →

Speakers
DB

DR.BRIDGET BERGQUIST

The primary aim of her research program is to increase our understanding of the biogeochemical cycles that are important for life on Earth and how these cycles have evolved over time through the use of trace metal and stable isotope geochemistry. Besides the inherent importance of... Read More →
JC

JACK CARAVANOS

Jack Caravanos currently serves as both the Director of Research for Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute and as an Associate Professor of Environmental Public Health at Hunter College. Carrying only a few hand-held machines in his backpack, he travels to remote areas of Zambia, Indonesia... Read More →
AL

ANGELA LI-MULLER

Adjunct Professor with the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of TorontoDr. Angela Li-Muller specializes in environmental health and regulatory toxicology, evaluating the impact on human health from exposures to chemicals from air, water, or soil. Over the years... Read More →
PR

PETER ROSENBLUTH, MSC.

Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto | Senior Fellow, Global Cities InstitutePeter is a results based management specialist as well as an environment and development specialist with over a decade of experience working for non-profit organizations in Canada and Southeast Asia... Read More →



Sunday February 12, 2017 13:30 - 15:30
MW 160

13:30

Crowding In: Responding to Poverty in Urban Slums around the World
The unprecedented rise of global urban poverty is a pressing issue facing development scholars and practitioners alike. The deplorable conditions in crowded slums are a unique context for development practitioners, policy makers, and urban planners, with new and particular challenges to overcome. How does the urban slum context complicate or simplify development programs’ attempts to achieve development outcomes, especially as outlined in Sustainable Development Goal #11? What needs to be done to mitigate the overwhelming problems of inadequate shelter and poor sanitation in urban slums? Most importantly, how can cities in the Global South continue to develop in ways that protect its most vulnerable citizens from the conditions in urban slums that seem to only mount their poverty? These are pressing questions whose answers have far-reaching implications into the lives of billions of city dwellers worldwide.

Speakers
DG

DR. GUO CHEN

Guo is an Associate Professor of Geography and Global Urban Studies at MSU. She is a recipient of the MSU-ISS Teaching Award in 2010. She has published over thirty articles, book chapters, and edited numerous books. Guo’s research activities focus on the dynamics, spatial manifestations... Read More →
AK

ACHILLES KALLERGIS

Achilles Kallergis is a Research Scholar in the NYU Urban Expansion program. He is also a doctoral candidate in Public and Urban Policy and teaches at the Graduate Program for International Affairs at the New School University. His research interests include urbanization in the developing... Read More →
DS

DR.RICHARD STREN

Richard Stren is Emeritus Professor of Political Science, and Senior Fellow at the Global Cities Institute. His major area of interest is comparative urban policy with a special interest in developing countries. Professor Stren is a member of the editorial advisory board of five international... Read More →


Sunday February 12, 2017 13:30 - 15:30
MW 140

13:30

Legalizing Sustainable Business: Trade and the Environment
The international movement of goods and commercial activity is governed by a rich body of private and public international law. With a focus on reducing barriers to commerce, this body of laws has largely overlooked the effects of increasing international commerce on the environment. Increasingly, international development treaties have been centered around the principle of sustainability, the ability to develop without reducing the ability of future generations to do so as well. As action to mitigate climate change increases in urgency and necessity, reforms to the governance of international trade and commerce are required in order to implement the necessary policies to mitigate climate change. In Legalizing Sustainable Business, the IDC 2017 will gage the principle of sustainability in the governance of international trade, and potential improvements to the governance of international commerce that could further integrate environmental protection in international commerce.

Moderators
Speakers
avatar for FREEDOM KAI-PHILLIPS

FREEDOM KAI-PHILLIPS

BSc honors (E. Michigan), MA (Seton Hall), LLB (Dalhousie), LLM (Ottawa), is a Research Associate with the International Law Research Program (ILRP) at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), a Legal Research Fellow with the Centre for International Sustainable... Read More →
avatar for SARA SECK

SARA SECK

Sara L Seck is an Associate professor at the Faculty of Law, Western University, in London, Ontario, and a Senior Fellow with the International Law Research Program of the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo, Ontario. Together with Neil Craik, she co-directs... Read More →
avatar for CONNER TIDD

CONNER TIDD

Mr. Connor Tidd, M.Sc candidate (University of Toronto), BA (McGill), is a current graduate student with the University of Toronto’s Institute for Management and Innovation in the Masters of Sustainability Management program and the Senior Strategy and Innovation Officer for the... Read More →



Sunday February 12, 2017 13:30 - 15:30
MW 120